Various psychologists hold that individuals with schizophrenia have difficulties with grasping mental states of other individuals which goes under the rubric of theory of mind (ToM). This is not correct.
Individuals with schizophrenia are thinking about everything all the time. For the most part other individuals do not want to talk about everything all the time.
What individuals with schizophrenia have difficulties with is grasping what is in the attentions of other individuals. By and large conversation resides around what is in attentions and this is where individuals with schizophrenia have difficulties.
There are so many difficulties in schizophrenia that separating out the difficulties presents difficulties. Disorganization can be prominent in schizophrenia and one could hold with this disorganization that individuals with schizophrenia have very rudimentary ToM, however, the disorganization can be widespread. There is zip specific to ToM to this disorganization.
Individuals with schizophrenia can hit some sore spots with other individuals when talking about everything all the time. Individuals with schizophrenia then can become paranoid about what other individuals are thinking. The fails are not fails in ToM but rather in schizophrenia conversations are warped away from useful, pleasant or routine.
If someone were to say to President Biden, who by the way I think is doing a terrific job, that ‘politicians are the problem not the solution’ then future conversations with President Biden would be warped away from conversations that went anywhere. However, over the last few decades, there has been political gridlock in the US which President Biden is certainly aware of. The problem would then not be strictly fails in ToM but rather that conversations are warped away from useful, pleasant or routine conversations. The warping away from useful, pleasant or routine conversations in schizophrenia are not fails in ToM but rather is due to the setting up of paranoid feedback loops which basically arise due to individuals with schizophrenia wanting to talk about everything all the time rather than talk on what is in attentions.